How to…

In this section you can find step-by-step information on how to carry out timely tasks associated with grassland management.

Thursday, 16 July 2015

DO IT NOW – Think about red clover

Red clover has a good reputation among organic producers and it is now becoming a mainstream crop for conventional farmers. Like white clover, bacteria in the nodules on red clover roots convert nitrogen (N) from the air into nitrates. These stored nitrates are released to the surrounding plants or subsequent crops and act as a…

Monday, 15 June 2015

How to make better conserved forage

Making hay: best practice Hay is made from fresh grass, with a dry matter of around 20 per cent, by a drying process that takes it to a dry matter of 80 per cent or higher, so it can be stored and kept effectively. Hay may be regarded as a second class citizen to silage,…

Monday, 15 June 2015

Manage grass that has gone to seed

This spring grass has been a challenge due to variable temperatures and rainfall.  And many areas of the country struggled for grass availability into late May. As the default heading date approached (driven by daylength), there was more of a tendency for grass to go to seed than stay vegetative, especially if the grazing pressure…

Monday, 15 June 2015

DO IT NOW – Decide whether additional sulphur is needed

Forty years ago, sulphur (S) supply to grassland was more than adequate. However, today most grassland receives less than 20kg SO3 per hectare annually from the air. First cut silage benefits from S in the air and from mineralised soil organic matter. Later cuts from the same area are likely to be sulphur deficient and…

Monday, 18 May 2015

Silage Additives – what they can and cannot do

by Dave Davies First and foremost silage additives will not make a poor silage good, but they can make a good silage excellent. Even the most amazing silage additive will not cover up poor management practices. There is a large array of different additives on the market but the basics producers need to know are…