How to…

In this section you can find step-by-step information on how to carry out timely tasks associated with grassland management.

Friday, 16 October 2015

DO IT NOW – Aim to reset pastures

To get the best out of pastures, it is important to reset them before going into winter. For beef systems, electric fencing may be needed to increase grazing pressures on certain fields to ensure grass is reset. Strip grazing (with a back fence) with fit dry suckler cows or youngstock can allocate feed according to…

Thursday, 17 September 2015

How to use RGCL for forage…

Through checking yields Although it is useful to know that the world record yield for Elephant Grass was 85t DM/ha per year, it is not a realistic target for temperate grasses in England. Using data from the Recommended Grass and Clover List (RGCL), it can be seen that the average annual yield of perennial, Italian…

Wednesday, 16 September 2015

How to assess brassica crops

For accurate feed planning it is essential to measure the dry matter (DM) yield of the crop. This approach would work for grass and forage crops (you will need to vary the residual between the two). Assessment can easily be done by using: 1m square frame Seed bag Pair of garden shears Scales A number…

Saturday, 5 September 2015

DO IT NOW Assess soil structure

Understanding soils is fundamental to profitable grassland farming. It is often thought that soils under grass are in good health however, a recent Defra-funded survey of 300 grassland fields indicated that only 40% of fields had good soil structure. Soil compaction, occurs when soil particles are compressed which reduces the spaces (pores) between them. These…

Thursday, 16 July 2015

Nutrient planning

Nutrient planning is integral to optimising forage production. P&K A tonne (freshweight) of 30 per cent dry matter silage contains 2.1kg of phosphate (P) and 7.2kg of potash (K). This can be used to calculate off-takes and what nutrients need to be returned to land that has been cut for silage. It also shows how…